WELD INSPECTION ETCHANTS
Our macro-etching acids are formulated by metallurgists to reveal the weld nugget during the weld penetration test. These chemicals are effective on stainless steel, mild steel, aluminum, etc. They are all pre-mixed, ready-to-use, and can be stored at room temperature up to a year.
Macroetching procedure of weldments usually starts with cut marks removal by utilizing different grit sizes of sandpapers from coarse to fine. We use 180 grit, 320 grit, and 600 grit for the sanding. The cross-sectional surface will have a uniform 600 grit finish before etching. Mirror polish the surface if possible. The finer the finish, the better the etching chemical will work, and the more details you will see. Rinse and dry the surface then apply the etchant with cotton swabs. Let it stand for a few seconds to minutes. When the weld is visible, rinse it with water to stop the reaction.
If you need assistance with a special alloy, please send a small sample to us. We will recommend a suitable product based on the test result.
Carbon Steel Welds:
- Nital Etch, 5%: The traditional choice for carbon steel welds. AKA Nitol or Nytal. It contains nitric acid and is more effective than rust removal jelly.
- Fry’s Reagent: (Optional 2nd stage) For staining low carbon mild steel welds. Use after Nital etch. It will highlight the weld nugget and make it easier to see.
- Ammonium Persulfate Solution: A water-based alternative to Nital. Very effective on mild steel welds, but the shelf life is short.
Picture: A36 mild steel
Stainless Steel Welds:
- Stainless Steel Weld Etch: Our general purpose stainless steel etchant. Unlike Lepito’s Etch or Aqua Regia, no mixing or heating required.
- Caustic Etching Solution: Made with reagent grade chemical, much stronger than household oven cleaners.
- AWS D1.2 Basic Etchant: Listed in AWS welding code. Two times stronger than our Caustic etching solution.
Pictures: 3003, 5052, 5085, 5456, 6061, 6063
- Keller’s Reagent: For advanced users only. It contains hydrofluoric acid!
Copper & Brass Welds:
- Ferric Chloride Etchant: Pre-mixed, ready to use.
- AWS D1.9 Titanium Weld Etch: Listed in welding code.
Inconel 625 Weld:
- Sand the weld surface to a uniform 600 grit finish. Rinse and dry the surface quickly, then etch it immediately with our Adler’s Reagent without any delay. Otherwise, Inco 625 will react with air and passivate.
Picture: Inco 625 weld